The King's Fund -
The NHS is experiencing the longest and most severe slowdown in funding in its history. This has raised questions about the sustainability of its funding model. The way that health care is funded varies between different countries. This document explains the main models used to finance health care: taxation, private health insurance and social health insurance. It outlines how each model works in its purest form, while recognising that most countries typically pay for health care using a combination of methods. It also looks at user charges.